The Uniform Bar Examination (UBE)

The Uniform Bar Examination (UBE), coordinated by the National Conference of Bar Examiners, is composed of the MEE, two MPT tasks, and the MBE. Its first administration was in February 2011. It is uniformly administered, graded, and scored and results in a portable score that can be used to apply for admission in other UBE jurisdictions.

The UBE is designed to test knowledge and skills that every lawyer should be able to demonstrate prior to becoming licensed to practice law.

NCBE scores the MBE component of the UBE. Jurisdictions grade the MEE and MPT components. The MEE and MPT scores are scaled to the MBE, and UBE total scores are calculated by NCBE. The MBE is weighted 50%, the MEE 30%, and the MPT 20%. UBE total scores are reported on a 400-point scale.

UBE jurisdictions agree to certain administrative policies in order to generate scores that qualify to be certified by NCBE as UBE scores. UBE jurisdictions independently set other policies, such as establishing their own passing scores, determining how long incoming UBE scores will be accepted, and whether or not to require applicants to complete a jurisdiction-specific component, such as a course or test on jurisdiction-specific law, either pre- or post-admission.

Jurisdictions Administering the UBE in 2021

Map of continental US plus Alaska and Hawaii. Thirty-nine jurisdictions that used the UBE in 2021 are shaded orange; 2 jurisdictions (Michigan and Pennsylvania) are shaded blue, indicating they will use the UBE in the near future

NOTE: : Indiana and Oklahoma began administering the UBE in July 2021. Pennsylvania will begin administering the UBE in July 2022, and Michigan will begin administering the UBE in February 2023.

Minimum Passing UBE Score by Jurisdiction in 2021

Same map as the previous, including shading, but with the minimum passing score listed in small text box for each respective jurisdiction on map

Minimum Passing UBE Score by Jurisdiction in 2021

* Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the minimum passing score in North Carolina was temporarily reduced to 268 for the July 2020 and February and July 2021 exams.
† Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the minimum passing score in Washington was temporarily reduced to 266 for the July and September 2020, February and July 2021, and February 2022 exams. (The September 2020 exam was an additional exam administered in Washington due to the pandemic.)‡ Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the minimum passing score in Oregon was temporarily reduced to 266 for the July 2020 exam.NOTE:  Pennsylvania will begin administering the UBE in July 2022 with a minimum passing score of 272. Michigan will begin administering the UBE in February 2023, minimum passing score to be determined. Bar graph showing minimum passing score against the number of jurisdictions that use that score. Most common scores are 266 and 270

UBE Scores Earned and Transferred by Jurisdiction in 2021

To earn UBE scores, applicants take all portions of the examination (MEE, MPT, and MBE) in the same UBE jurisdiction and in the same administration. Use of a banked, transferred, or concurrent MBE or written scaled score earned in a prior examination or concurrently in another jurisdiction does not result in a UBE score.

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